¿INCAPACITACIÓN = ANULACIÓN DE LA PERSONA?

  • Posted on: 9 April 2015
  • By: Noelia Martínez

¿En qué consiste la incapacitación?

A las familias con un miembro susceptible de ser incapacitado, en ocasiones se les presenta la duda de hacerlo o no, porque tendemos a pensar que con este hecho estamos anulando a nuestro familiar, ya no va a contar para la sociedad, y no nos va a traer más que problemas pero, ¿es esto así?, ¿tenemos claro lo que limita la incapacitación judicial?.

Partiremos de la distinción entre capacidad de obrar y capacidad jurídica:

      • Capacidad jurídica : capacidad que se adquiere con el nacimiento y que sólo se extingue con la muerte, por la que todo sujeto será titular de derechos y obligaciones.
      • Capacidad de obrar : capacidad para poder llevar a cabo en la práctica todo tipo de negocios jurídicos con eficacia válida. La capacidad de obrar no es igual para todos, porque ésta depende de la edad de la persona física, y también de la capacidad de autogobierno de las personas. Por tanto cuando se declarada incapaz judicialmente a un sujeto no se le está limitando ni anulada como persona. Esta limitación sólo estará en el ámbito jurídico con el fin de protegerle, por no poder desenvolverse por sí mismo en la vida. Como sujeto que requiere una especial protección se han articulado medios para que se puedan limitar la capacidad de obrar total o parcialmente, protección que se realizará a través de la tutela o curatela.

Para poder promover la incapacitación de una persona necesitamos que se cumplan una serie de requisitos previstos en el Código Civil así en el art.199 se dice que "Nadie puede ser declarado incapaz, sino por sentencia judicial en virtud de las causas establecidas en la Ley” Estas causas con las previstas en el art.200 "Son causas de incapacitación las enfermedades o deficiencias persistentes de carácter físico o psíquico, que impidan a la persona gobernarse por sí misma".Es decir es necesario que la persona que se pretende incapacitar tenga una enfermedad o deficiencia, y que ésta sea lo suficientemente grave como para anular o disminuir la capacidad de comprensión o la capacidad de actuar conforme a su voluntad, siendo todo esto que ser probado ante el juez. Los menores podrán ser también incapacitados, con un requisito más, la causa de la incapacidad tendrá que persistir al alcanzar la mayoría de edad, en este caso cuando el sujeto cumpla la mayoría de edad, la patria potestad de sus padres quedará automáticamente prorrogada.

¿Quién puede promover la incapacitación?

En la Ley de Enjuiciamiento Civil art.757 se establecen quienes son los legitimados para iniciar los procedimientos de incapacidad:

  1. El presunto incapaz, el cónyuge o quien se encuentre en una situación de hecho asimilable, los descendientes, los ascendientes, o los hermanos del presunto incapaz.
  2. El Ministerio Fiscal deberá promover la incapacitación si las personas mencionadas en el apartado anterior no existieran o no la hubieran solicitado.
  3. Cualquier persona está facultada para poner en conocimiento del Ministerio Fiscal los hechos que puedan ser determinantes de la incapacitación. Las autoridades y funcionarios públicos que, por razón de sus cargos, conocieran la existencia de posible causa de incapacitación en una persona, deberán ponerlo en conocimiento del Ministerio Fiscal.
  4. La incapacitación de menores de edad, en los casos en que proceda conforme a la Ley, sólo podrá ser promovida por quienes ejerzan la patria potestad o la tutela.

En resumen, podrán promover la incapacidad los familiares y el Ministerio Fiscal. Esta última posibilidad, suele ser desconocida por la mayoría de las familias pero resultará muy interesante cuando se precise la incapacitación del familiar y no se tengan muchos medios para ello.

Por último y volviendo al inicio, incidir en que incapacitar a un familiar no es anularlo en la sociedad, es PROTEGERLO, tanto de la responsabilidad derivada de sus actos, como de las tretas de terceros, que aprovechándose de su especial situación engañen y perjudiquen al presunto incapaz. Si está pensando en incapacitar a un familiar estamos aquí para ayudarle, le asesoraremos de cuál es el mejor procedimiento, hasta dónde limitar la capacidad de obrar de su familiar, como afrontar la tutela o curatela, etc.

Comentarios

I must voice my love for your kind-heartedness giving support to women who require assistance with this one area of interest. Your real dedication to passing the message up and down ended up being astonishingly interesting and has in most cases permitted somebody just like me to reach their targets. The warm and friendly guidelines implies a lot a person like me and extremely more to my colleagues. Warm regards; from everyone of us.
yeezy 350 v2 http://www.yeezy350v2s.com

I have to express some thanks to you for rescuing me from this dilemma. As a result of looking through the internet and seeing ideas that were not beneficial, I was thinking my life was over. Existing without the presence of approaches to the difficulties you've fixed all through your main short article is a critical case, and the ones which may have in a wrong way affected my career if I hadn't noticed your web site. Your main knowledge and kindness in touching every aspect was tremendous. I'm not sure what I would have done if I had not discovered such a thing like this. I'm able to at this time look ahead to my future. Thanks very much for this specialized and amazing help. I will not be reluctant to refer your blog to any person who needs and wants support on this problem.
air jordans http://www.cheap-airjordans.us.com

I intended to send you one tiny observation in order to give thanks as before regarding the extraordinary solutions you've shown here. It has been really strangely generous with people like you to grant without restraint all that most people would've distributed as an electronic book in making some profit on their own, specifically considering that you might have tried it in the event you considered necessary. Those pointers likewise acted to become good way to comprehend the rest have similar keenness the same as my own to know the truth a lot more in respect of this issue. I'm sure there are millions of more enjoyable times in the future for people who view your blog post.
kyrie shoes http://www.kyrie-7.com

Thank you so much for giving everyone an exceptionally splendid opportunity to read from here. It really is so enjoyable and also full of a good time for me personally and my office mates to search your website at the very least three times per week to see the fresh secrets you have got. Not to mention, I'm so at all times amazed with all the brilliant tips served by you. Selected 1 areas on this page are absolutely the most efficient I've had.
kyrie 5 spongebob http://www.kyrie5spongebob.us

Agents generally cannot provide as broad a spread of selection compared to an insurance

dealer.

My blog post ... ubezpieczenie-przemysl.pl

No, a bike proprietor cannot buy two insurance policy

for a similar bike.

Feel free to surf to my page: tinyurl.com

I simply wanted to type a simple comment to be able to appreciate you for these pleasant pointers you are posting on this website. My prolonged internet look up has at the end of the day been recognized with really good ideas to write about with my visitors. I would point out that many of us site visitors are undeniably endowed to live in a good network with very many outstanding professionals with helpful ideas. I feel somewhat grateful to have seen your entire weblog and look forward to so many more fun moments reading here. Thanks again for all the details.
jordan shoes http://www.shoesjordan.us.com

My spouse and i were peaceful when Emmanuel managed to deal with his inquiry from the precious recommendations he obtained in your site. It's not at all simplistic just to possibly be giving away guidelines which often people may have been making money from. We already know we need you to thank because of that. Those explanations you've made, the simple blog navigation, the friendships you will help create - it is everything exceptional, and it's really letting our son and the family imagine that this topic is fun, and that is rather serious. Thanks for the whole lot!
supreme http://www.supremeclothing.us.org

I want to express appreciation to you for bailing me out of this type of incident. As a result of browsing through the search engines and seeing notions that were not productive, I thought my life was well over. Being alive without the presence of solutions to the issues you have sorted out through your report is a crucial case, as well as the kind which could have in a wrong way affected my career if I hadn't discovered your web site. Your own mastery and kindness in dealing with almost everything was priceless. I don't know what I would've done if I had not discovered such a thing like this. It's possible to at this point look forward to my future. Thanks so much for this professional and result oriented help. I won't think twice to suggest the website to any person who ought to have guidance on this topic.
yeezy boost 500 http://www.yeezy-500.us.com

I'm commenting to make you know of the wonderful experience my wife's child encountered going through your webblog. She came to find plenty of details, most notably what it is like to have a marvelous giving character to let other individuals very easily gain knowledge of certain complex subject matter. You really surpassed my desires. Thank you for presenting the helpful, trustworthy, explanatory as well as easy thoughts on the topic to Lizeth.
a bathing ape https://www.bapesoutlet.com

I have to point out my gratitude for your kind-heartedness supporting folks who actually need assistance with that area of interest. Your real commitment to getting the solution all around became rather beneficial and have frequently enabled guys just like me to realize their goals. Your own important facts can mean so much a person like me and even more to my peers. Regards; from all of us.
supreme clothing http://www.supremenewyork.us.com

I wanted to put you a bit of remark to be able to thank you so much as before on your amazing principles you've contributed on this page. It was so incredibly generous with people like you to present extensively all that a lot of people could have made available as an e-book to get some dough for their own end, most importantly considering that you might well have done it if you ever considered necessary. The thoughts as well served like a great way to fully grasp most people have the same fervor like my own to figure out significantly more when it comes to this problem. I'm sure there are a lot more pleasurable times ahead for those who look into your blog post.
kobe byrant shoes http://www.kobe.us.com

I precisely wanted to thank you very much once more. I do not know what I could possibly have handled in the absence of those tricks revealed by you directly on that topic. It previously was a real distressing difficulty for me personally, however , viewing a expert strategy you managed it made me to jump for delight. I am just grateful for this help and in addition hope that you realize what a great job you were doing instructing the rest thru your websites. I am sure you've never encountered any of us.
jordan 12 http://www.jordan12.us.com

I and also my friends have already been digesting the excellent solutions found on the website and then all of a sudden came up with an awful suspicion I never expressed respect to you for those tips. Most of the women happened to be totally thrilled to study all of them and have now in truth been loving these things. Thanks for simply being very thoughtful and then for picking this sort of fantastic subjects most people are really needing to discover. My personal sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to sooner.
off white shoes http://www.off---whiteshoes.com

I have to point out my respect for your kindness giving support to folks who have the need for help on in this situation. Your real dedication to getting the solution all over has been amazingly functional and has surely empowered somebody much like me to get to their dreams. Your personal interesting suggestions entails so much to me and still more to my fellow workers. Best wishes; from all of us.
kyrie irving shoes http://www.kyrieirvingshoes.us.com

I must express my appreciation for your kindness in support of folks that really want assistance with that issue. Your very own commitment to getting the solution around became unbelievably powerful and have made regular people just like me to arrive at their endeavors. The interesting tips and hints denotes a lot a person like me and somewhat more to my office colleagues. Many thanks; from all of us.
off white http://www.off-whiteclothing.us.com

I intended to post you the little note to be able to say thanks a lot over again regarding the amazing tricks you've discussed above. This is quite shockingly generous of you in giving publicly exactly what a few individuals would have offered for sale as an e book in order to make some money for their own end, and in particular considering the fact that you could have tried it if you considered necessary. The things also acted to become a great way to realize that other individuals have similar passion just as mine to see very much more concerning this issue. I know there are thousands of more enjoyable times ahead for folks who looked over your site.
paul george shoes http://www.paulgeorge.us.com

I actually wanted to write a brief note to appreciate you for some of the precious concepts you are showing at this website. My extended internet investigation has now been honored with professional details to share with my friends. I 'd state that that many of us site visitors are very endowed to dwell in a good site with so many special people with interesting concepts. I feel somewhat privileged to have come across your web pages and look forward to many more entertaining times reading here. Thanks a lot once again for a lot of things.
kyrie 6 shoes http://www.kyrie-6.com

I wish to express some appreciation to this writer just for bailing me out of this particular scenario. Just after looking out throughout the world wide web and getting opinions which are not productive, I assumed my life was well over. Being alive minus the answers to the problems you have fixed by way of your main report is a critical case, as well as ones that could have adversely affected my career if I had not discovered your web site. Your good competence and kindness in playing with all things was crucial. I'm not sure what I would have done if I hadn't encountered such a stuff like this. I am able to at this point look ahead to my future. Thank you so much for the high quality and results-oriented help. I will not hesitate to suggest your web blog to anybody who should have guide about this area.
jordan 13 http://www.jordan13.us.com

I simply wanted to send a remark in order to appreciate you for these marvelous facts you are giving here. My extended internet look up has at the end of the day been recognized with professional ideas to go over with my best friends. I 'd point out that many of us visitors actually are really endowed to exist in a wonderful place with many perfect individuals with helpful suggestions. I feel truly grateful to have seen the site and look forward to tons of more enjoyable moments reading here. Thank you again for all the details.
off white outlet http://www.offwhitesonline.com

I simply desired to thank you very much all over again. I do not know what I would've used without those secrets contributed by you directly on my field. It had become a very frustrating difficulty in my circumstances, nevertheless taking note of a new specialised fashion you solved it made me to jump over contentment. I will be thankful for this help and then wish you comprehend what a powerful job you're carrying out training the others through a blog. I know that you've never come across any of us.
nike kyrie 5 http://www.kyrie5.org

Thank you a lot for providing individuals with a very pleasant chance to discover important secrets from here. It really is very useful plus full of a lot of fun for me personally and my office co-workers to search the blog at least 3 times in a week to learn the newest items you have got. And lastly, I'm always amazed concerning the breathtaking solutions served by you. Some 2 ideas in this post are in fact the very best we have ever had.
off white http://www.off--white.us.com

I wish to convey my appreciation for your kind-heartedness in support of folks who have the need for help on in this situation. Your real dedication to passing the solution along turned out to be pretty beneficial and has constantly permitted regular people much like me to reach their objectives. Your amazing insightful recommendations entails much to me and still more to my peers. Thanks a lot; from all of us.
off white hoodie outlet http://www.off-whitehoodie.com

I am glad for writing to let you understand of the helpful encounter my girl developed viewing your blog. She even learned a wide variety of pieces, including what it's like to have a wonderful coaching heart to let others just fully understand a variety of specialized issues. You undoubtedly exceeded readers' expectations. Thank you for showing these good, healthy, explanatory as well as cool tips on the topic to Lizeth.
chrome hearts http://www.chromehearts.com.co

Páginas

Añadir nuevo comentario

Filtered HTML

  • Las direcciones de las páginas web y las de correo se convierten en enlaces automáticamente.
  • Etiquetas HTML permitidas: <a> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote> <code> <ul> <ol> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd>
  • Saltos automáticos de líneas y de párrafos.

Plain text

  • No se permiten etiquetas HTML.
  • Las direcciones de las páginas web y las de correo se convierten en enlaces automáticamente.
  • Saltos automáticos de líneas y de párrafos.